Invasion and Stalemate
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The opening phase of the Great War was long in the planning. The German General Staff under Alfred von Schlieffen interpreted the Anglo-French entente of 1904 as a possible threat. Further, if Russia were to be drawn in to the alliance as well, then Germany would face the prospect of a two-front conflict.
The German war plan, often called the Schlieffen Plan, provided for the following actions in the event of war with France:
Time was of the essence; the Germans anticipated knocking France out of the conflict before the Russians could mobilize — a period judged to be about six weeks.
The Schlieffen Plan was implemented on April 4, 1914, when German forces stormed into Belgium. Much to their amazement, the Belgians mounted an inspired defense. The carefully crafted timetable could not be honored and the frustrated Germans treated the Belgians with great brutality. German actions were widely reported in the press; a body of anti-German sentiment began to grow in the United States.
The Germans were further thrown off stride by the Russians' ability to act. Russian armies were quickly put into the field and began an advance against German soil. The Battle of Tannenburg (August 26-30, 1914), while a costly defeat for Russia, did force Germany to withdraw western soldiers for the campaign in East Prussia.
The Russians, by honoring their treaty obligations to France, helped to establish a stalemate on the Western Front. A protracted period of trench warfare ensued.
Stalemate in Italy - Europe 1943
... landings at Calabria led by Montgomery, Sept 9 with British landings at Taranto, and Sep. 9 with U.S. 5th Army landings at Salerno led by Mark Clark (at age 46 was America's youngest 3-star general) 16 German divisions in Italy (6 from East ...
Normandy Invasion: Planning -The Debate and the Preparations
... extracted from Command Decisions) Neptune: Training for the Mounting, and Operation, and the Artificial Ports (Chapters 1 & 7) Outline of Operation Overlord - History of G-4 Com Z, ET Return to CMH Online Last updated 4 June 2004 ...
Invasion and Recovery of Vegetation after a Volcanic Eruption in Hawaii
5 Invasion and Recovery of Vegetation after a Volcanic Eruption in Hawaii Garrett A. SmathersDieter Mueller-Dombois University of Hawaii Honolulu National Park Service Scientific Monograph Number Five 1974 TABLE OF CONTENTS index.htm Last Updated ...