Campaigns of 1776

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In January 1776, artillery taken from the British at Fort Ticonderoga (May 1775) arrived in eastern Massachusetts, thanks to the heroic efforts of Henry Knox and his men. By March, many of the pieces had been installed on Dorchester Heights south of the city. The American guns commanded Boston Harbor and much of the city’s waterfront, rendering British occupation no longer tenable. On March 17, British forces began to evacuate and head north to the safety of Halifax, Nova Scotia.

It was immediately evident to George Washington and other American leaders that the British departure would provide only a temporary respite. The British would receive reinforcements and plot new strategy — one most likely to include the capture of New York City, a major commercial center, the key to the Hudson River and home to a large Loyalist population.

As anticipated, British forces sailed into New York Harbor in late June and occupied Staten Island on July 2. There followed a cat-and-mouse game in which Washington attempted to keep his dwindling Continental Army together and avoid a major confrontation with the British. Notable encounters included:

One abortive attempt was made to end the rebellion in a peace conference on Staten Island in September, which served only to illustrate how sharply the two sides had split over the issue of independence.

The Continental Army won few victories in 1776, but they averted disaster and kept their force in the field. The year ended on a high note, however, with twin victories at Trenton and Princeton, after which Washington led his soldiers to winter quarters at Morristown, New Jersey.

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WPI Department of Military Science - GEN George Washington's Campaigns of 1776
This set the stage for his successful "Christmas Campaign" of 1776. Washington's Christmas Campaign General Washington led the patriots through two motivational victories in a campaign described by historians as the "ChrisCampaign" of 1776. Washington's Christmas Campaign General Washington led the patriots through two motivational victories in a campaign described by historians as the "Christmas Campaign ...
http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/MilSci/BTSI/abs_wash.html

Revolutionary War Campaigns: Charleston 1775 -1776
... Engagements with land and naval forces of Royal Govenors and repulse of Gen. Clinton's Expedition Battles (see Battles Page for more battles) Home l Contact Us l Suggest this Site l Southeastern Genealogy l Northeastern Genealogy l U.S Wars l ...
http://www.myrevolutionarywar.com/campaigns/1775-charleston.htm

Battle of Trenton 1776
1 Battle of Trenton. Curiosities of American Literature, by Rufus W. Griswold. 2 Some scamper'd there. "It is said some Hessian officers and other mercenaries, were greatly disturbed one morning, at Trenton, when they waked up and found rebels ...
http://www.americanrevolution.org/warsongs40.html