Ohio State University is located in Columbus, Ohio. Ohio State's roots go back to 1870, when the Ohio General Assembly established the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College. The new college was made possible through the provisions of the Land-Grant Act, signed by President Abraham Lincoln on July 2, 1862.
That legislation revolutionized the nation's approach to higher education, bringing a college education within the reach of all high school graduates.
The college's curriculum was disputed among politicians, the public, and educators. One faction, the "narrow gauge" group, thought that the college should devote itself solely to the teaching of agriculture and mechanical arts.
Joseph Sullivant, a member of the first Board of Trustees, pushed the "broad gauge" idea through the board, where it passed by a slight margin of 8-7. His legacy endures; Ohio State continues to offer a broad-based, liberal arts education and a diverse range of study.
Classes began at the new university on September 17, 1873, with 24 students who met at the old Neil farm two miles north of Columbus. In 1878, the college's name was changed to Ohio State University. That same year the first class of six men graduated, and in 1879, the first woman graduated from the university.
The university's Athletic Council officially adopted the term "Buckeyes" in 1950. Buckeye leaf helmet decals are awarded to Ohio State football players for outstanding efforts on the field.
The Buckeye is a tree native to Ohio, and is prevalent in the Ohio River valley. The Buckeye has a five-fingered leaf and shiny little dark-brown nuts with lighter tan patches that resemble the eye of a deer.
Ohio State serves all 88 counties and teaches students throughout the world. The comprehensive range of programs conducted by the university includes: business, engineering, health sciences, human services, education, law, and the arts and sciences. It is noted especially for its linguistics department, college of business, political science, dance, and psychology.
The university holds a meaningful and mutually beneficial collaboration with partners in education, business, public and social service. Their mission is to become a beacon of knowledge for the state and the world. It also provides a global network of intellectual and cultural resources.
The chief attraction of the university is The Big Ear radio telescope, operated as part of the universitys Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). It also operates a public television station and two public radio stations. The Moritz Law Library and Prior Health Sciences Library on the main campus, along with other Ohio State University Libraries, are deeply committed in serving the nation and the world.