Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York, on November 12, 1815. Raised in a strict Presbyterian home, she was given a special admission to the Johnston Academy, which normally was open only to boys. There being no colleges for women, she attended Emma Willard's academy in Troy, New York, and later studied law with her father, Judge Daniel Cady. The profession of law, however, was at that time closed to women.
Becoming interested in temperance, women's rights and Abolitionism, she married Henry Brewster Stanton, a prominent Abolitionist and accompanied him to the world anti-slavery conference in London in 1840. There she and Lucretia Mott were denied the right to speak because they were women.
Returning to the United States, the Stanton's moved to Boston where Mr. Stanton practiced law, and then to Seneca Falls, New York. In 1848, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized a conference in support of women's right, held on July 19 and 20, which is generally considered the first public meeting in the women's rights movement.
In 1851, Stanton met Susan B. Anthony and persuaded her to become involved in women's rights. She was given the opportunity to address the New York state legislature in 1860, on which occasion she In 1868, she, along with Anthony and Parker Pillsbury, founded the magazine, The Revolution, to which she was a frequent contributor. She was elected first president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890.
Although regarded as a radical for her opinions on women's rights, Stanton was the mother of seven children and a led a model domestic life. She died in New York on October 26, 1902.
---- Selected Quotes ----
Quotes by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Regarding Women's Rights
The prejudice against color, of which we hear so much, is no stronger than that against sex. It is produced by the same cause, and manifested very much in the same way. The negro's skin and the woman's sex are both prima facie evidence that they were intended to be in subjection to the white Saxon man.
Address to the New York legislature, 1860
Regarding Women's Suffrage
Our "pathway" is straight to the ballot box, with no variableness nor shadow of turning...We demand in the Reconstruction suffrage for all the citizens of the Republic. I would not talk of Negroes or women, but of citizens.
Letter in 1868
Regarding Susan B. Anthony
In ancient Greece she would have been a Stoic; in the era of the Reformation, a Calvinist; in King Charles's time, a Puritan; but in this nineteenth century, by the very laws of her being, she is a Reformer.
Book written in 1884
Men think that self-sacrifice is the most charming of all the cardinal virtues for women, and in order to keep it in healthy working order, they make opportunities for its illustration as often as possible. I would fain teach women that self-development is a higher duty than self-sacrifice.
The Woman's Bible, 1898