George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer was born on December 5, 1839 in New Rumley, Ohio. Graduating from West Point in 1861, he saw service during the First Battle of Bull Run and Gettysburg. Later, he attracted national attention for his relentless pursuit of Robert E. Lee`s troops from Richmond to Appomattox, where he accepted the Confederate flag of truce on April 9, 1865.

After reaching the rank of major general in the volunteers, Custer was mustered out of volunteer service in 1865 and returned to his permanent rank of captain. However, when the Seventh Cavalry was organized later in the year, Custer was promoted to lieutenant colonel and given command.

Custer took part in the disastrou Indian campaign that General Hancock waged against the Indians in 1867 and was court-martialed for disobeying orders. He was suspended from the army for a year, but soon was recalled by General Sheridan and defeated Chief Black Kettle`s Cheyennes in the battle of the Washita River in 1868.

In 1874, Custer published My Life on the Plain, a description of his explorations of the Yellowstone River and his periodic battles with Indians. Before leaving on an assignment to serve on General Terry`s expedition against the Sioux and Cheyennes under Sitting Bull, Custer testified before Congress on corruption in the Indian Bureau. This angered President Grant, who relieved Custer of his command. Loud outcries against this decision forced Grant to reinstate him and he rejoined the 7th Cavalary in Montana.

During the campaign, Custer split his forces and then encountered a large force of Indians, numbering about 2500 to 4000. In the Battle of Little Big Horn, Custer and his entire force of more than 260 men died on June 25, 1876.

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Son of the Morning Star by Evan S. Connell.
Custer's Last Stand is among the most enduring events in American history--more than one hundred years after the fact, books continue to be written an...
Crazy Horse and Custer by Stephen E. Ambrose.
On the sparkling morning of June 25, 1876, 611 men of the United States 7th Cavalry rode toward the banks of the Little Bighorn in the Montana Territo...
The Last Stand: Custer, Sitting Bull, and the Battle of the Little Bighorn by Nathaniel Philbrick.
Little BIghorn and Custer are names synonymous in the American imagination with unmatched bravery and spectacular defeat. Mythologized as Custer's Las...
A Terrible Glory: Custer and the Little Bighorn - the Last Great Battle of the American West by Jim Donovan.
In June of 1876, on a desolate hill above a winding river called "the Little BIghorn," George Armstrong Custer and all 210 men under his direct comman...
The Killing of Crazy Horse by Thomas Powers.
He was the most feared and loathed Indian of his time, earning his reputation in surprise victories against the troops of Generals Crook and Custer at...
Crazy Horse by Larry McMurtry.
In writing his superb life of Crazy Horse, Larry McMurtry faced the same obstacle as every previous biographer of the Oglala Sioux icon: a notable pau...

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