Original Inhabitants of New Jersey

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At the time of the European arrival in New Jersey, the land was occupied by 8,000 to 10,000 Native Americans known as the Lenni Lenape (meaning "original people"). These inhabitants, part of the Algonkian language group, came to be called the Delaware by the settlers.

The native economy was dependent upon hunting and agriculture (primarily squash, maize and beans).

The Lenni Lenape were essentially a peaceful people and their relations with the settlers were not as violent as in most of the other colonies. Nevertheless, the native population dwindled rapidly after the Europeans arrived, due largely to the introduction of diseases.

See Indian Wars.
See also Native American Cultural Regions map.

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Historical Maps of New Jersey
... the Glacial Drift of New Jersey   Publication Info:   Geological Survey of New Jersey, 1894; Vol. 5, Plate XXVIII   Date:   1902   Scale:   1:311,000   Original Source:   University of Alabama Map Library Viewing options: JPEG or Plugin ...
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Canal Society of New Jersey
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New Jersey
New Jersey is referred to as the "Garden State" because of its fertile farmland. General George Washington won a key Revolutionary War battle at Trenton when he crossed the Delaware River from Pennsylvania and surprised the Hessian soldiers ...