Recall: When Officeholders Don't Fulfill Their Obligations
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The recall is a direct democracatic procedure that provides for removal of elected officials before their terms expire.
In most circumstances, a petition drive is held to collect a statutory number of signatures from registered voters. If sufficient valid signatures are verified, the matter is placed on the ballot and submitted to the electorate. Depending upon the election results, the official in question is either allowed to complete his term or is removed from office. One of the general principles of recall is that a certain period of grace exists between the election and the start of a recall effort, usually around six months.
The Los Angeles city charter of 1903 was the first in the United States to adopt the recall. In 1908, Oregon became the first state to approve the practice. Today 11 states and hundreds of local governments include recall provisions in their constitutions or charters.
The concept of recall generated great controversy with respect to recalling of the judiciary. President William Howard Taft vetoed the act that would have admitted Arizona to the Union because its proposed constitution included a provision making judges subject to recall. The provision was removed, but a year after Arizona was admitted, it was restored to the Arizona constitution.
In addition, the recall process was attacked as unconstitutional, since it substituted a dangerous form of direct democratic governance in place of more conservative, reprsentative republican institutions. History has shown these concerns to be unfounded.
... at the local level National Conference of State Legislatures Recall Page Recall in the United States Kurt A. Gardinier, Assistant Research Director, Initiative & Referendum Institute The following information was compiled by Kurt ...
Recalling the Revolution
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The Bailey Recall - August l973
... 30,ll7 voters FOR the Recall of D'Army Bailey l8,569(62%) Recalled AGAINST the Recall of D'Army Bailey ll,548(38%) Replacement Candidates Elected William Rumford, Jr. l7,l02(73% Allen Wilson 6,344(27%) Over 7,000 voters abstained on the ...