Original Inhabitants of the 13 Colonies

This table is intended to indicate the location of certain native groups at the time of colonization. Colonial boundaries were irrelevant to their way of life.

Colony Original Inhabitants
Connecticut Pequot, Mohegan (Mohican)
Delaware Nanticoke, Lenni Lenape (Delaware)
Georgia Creek, Cherokee
Maryland Conoy, Assateague, Susquehannock, et al.
Massachusetts Wampanoag, Nauset, Massachuset, et al.
Maine* Micmac, Abenaki (Abnaki/Wabanaki)
New Hampshire Pennacook, Abenaki
New Jersey Lenni Lenape (Delaware)
New York Iroquois, Algonquian
North Carolina Hatteras, Cherokee, Catawba, et al.
Pennsylvania Shawnee, Seneca, et al.
Rhode Island Narragansett, Nipmuc, et al.
South Carolina Yamasee, Catawba, Cherokee
Virginia Powhattan, et al.

*Maine developed as part of Massachusetts and was not an original colony. However, to complete the picture of the geographical dispersal of the Original Inhabitants of the New World, the area now known as Maine, and its Natives, are included here.
Indian Wars Time Table .
See also
Native Americans Cultural Regions map .

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